Reliability, validity, and factor structure of the Arabic version of the 12-item General Health Questionnaire
The aim was to examine the psychometric properties of the Arabic 12-item General Health Questionnaire in a sample of university students. A sample of 157 university students was screened using this questionnaire and the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-90. A standardized clinical interview using SCID was conducted on a subset of screened students. Reliability, validity, and factor analysis of the questionnaire were evaluated. Using factor score discrimination between cases and noncases was also evaluated. The Arabic version of the GHQ-12 proved to be reliable as indicated by Cronbach alpha of .86. The best balance between sensitivity and specificity was found at the General Health Questionnaire cut-off point of 15/16: at this threshold, sensitivity was .88 and was paired with a specificity of .84. Principal component analysis with varimax rotation identified three factors, namely, Factor A (general dysphoria), Factor B (lack of enjoyment), and Factor C (social dysfunction). Factors A and C discriminated between clinically distressed and clinically nondistressed subjects. The General Health Questionnaire-12 as a whole is a reliable and valid screening tool in university settings.
Daradkeh, T.K., R. Ghubash, and O.E. el-Rufaie, Reliability, validity, and factor structure of the Arabic version of the 12-item General Health Questionnaire. Psychol Rep, 2001. 89(1): p. 85-94.
Measure does not require training
Less than 5 min