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Validation of the General Self-Efficacy Scale among Qatari young women

Article type: Published article


The General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES) is a measure of people’s beliefs about their capacity to cope with life’s demands. Self-efficacy may be particularly relevant in transitional stages such as in late adolescence, when young people make decisions that will impact their adult lives. In the present study, we aimed to validate an Arabic version of GSES among 355 Qatari young women aged 18+ years and finishing their final year of high school. We conducted exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses to assess the scale dimensionality. The final model fit was adequate (root mean square error of approximation = 0.07, comparative fit index = 1.00, Tucker–Lewis index = 0.99), confirming a unidimensional self-efficacy measure. The Qatari Standard Arabic GSES is a reliable tool for measuring general self-efficacy among young Qatari women.

Full citation

Crandall, A., et al. (2015). "Validation of the General Self-Efficacy Scale among Qatari young women." Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal 21(12): 891.


Methods Condition Gender Age Country Setting Sample size
healthy students Female 18 - 23 Qatar
Education Institute 369

Number of items

10 items


Measure does not require training

Required time

Less than 5 min

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Articles last updated: December 2020