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Validation of three mental health scales among pregnant women in Qatar

Article type: Published article


OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to validate three mental health scales in a targeted sample of pregnant Arab women living in Qatar: the Kuwait University Anxiety Scale, the Perceived Stress Scale, and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. METHODS: Random split-half exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analyses (n = 336; n = 331), conducted separately, were used to evaluate scale dimensionality, factor loadings, and factor structure of the KUAS, the PSS, and the EPDS. RESULTS: Fit statistics for the three scales suggested adequate fit to the data and estimated factor loadings were positive, similar in magnitude, and were significant. The final CFA model for the KUAS supported a 19-item, two factor structure. CFA models also confirmed 8- and 10-item, single-factor structures for the PSS and EPDS, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The validation of scales for these aspects of mental health in Arab pregnant women is critical to ensure appropriate screening, identification, and treatment to reduce the risk of sequelae in women and their children. Findings offer a useful comparison to mental-health scale validations in other Arab contexts.

Full citation

Roof KA, James-Hawkins L, Abdul Rahim HF, Yount KM. Validation of three mental health scales among pregnant women in Qatar. Reproductive health. 2019;16(1):149.


Methods Condition Gender Age Country Setting Sample size
pregnant women Female 19 - 46 Qatar
Healthcare Facility 667

Number of items

10 items


Measure does not require training

Required time

Less than 5 min

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Articles last updated: December 2020