Validation of the Arabic version of the oxford happiness inventory among undergraduates in Kuwait
Introduction The Oxford Happiness Inventory (OHI) 29-Item, each involving the selection of four options that are different for each item. Although there is an Arabic version, it is not identical to the original version in terms of the number of items and response. Objectives to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Arabic adaptation OHI and its factorial structure in undergraduate sample. Methods The participants were 720 first year undergraduate Kuwaitis: 360 males mean age = 20.38 ± 1.60 and 360 females; mean age = 19.71 ± 1.39 (t = 5.87, P < 0.001). The Arabic version of OHI (Argyle, Martin, & Crossland) was administered to participants. The internal consistency reliability, factor structure, and convergent validity of the OHI with Life Orientation Test (LOT-R, Adult Hope Scale (AHS), Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS) were assessed as well as divergent validity of the OHI with Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) Results Internal consistency was satisfactory for the OHI (Cronbach's alpha = 0.87) for males and (Cronbach's alpha = 0.86) for females. The results revealed no significant gender differences on happiness (F = 1.77, P > 05). Principal component analyses (PCA) showed that a seven-component solution explains %50.50 of the total variance for males and 51.47% for females. The OHI positively correlates with the following variables: SWLS (r = .52), LOT-R (r = 0.56) AHS (r = .48) while the OHI correlates negatively with BDI-II (r = -54). Conclusions Findings confirm that the OHI provides satisfactory validation, and thus it can be recommended as a measure of happiness among Arab samples.
Alansari, B. and T. AlAli (2017). "Validation of the Arabic version of the oxford happiness inventory among undergraduates in Kuwait." European Psychiatry 41, Supplement: S255.
||First year undergraduate||Both||Females; mean age = 19.71 ± 1.39 - males mean age = 20.38 ± 1.60||
Measure does not require training