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Psychometric properties of the Arabic version of the 12-item diabetes fatalism scale

Article type: Published article


Background There are widespread fatalistic beliefs in Arab countries, especially among individuals with diabetes. However, there is no tool to assess diabetes fatalism in this population. This study describes the processes used to create an Arabic version of the Diabetes Fatalism Scale (DFS) and examine its psychometric properties. Methods A descriptive correlational design was used with a convenience sample of Lebanese adults (N = 274) with type 2 diabetes recruited from a major hospital in Beirut, Lebanon and by snowball sampling. The 12- item Diabetes Fatalism Scale- Arabic (12-item DFS-Ar) was back-translated from the original version, pilot tested on 22 adults with type 2 diabetes and then administered to 274 patients to assess the validity and reliability of the scale. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to test the hypothesized factor structure. Cronbach’s alpha was used to test for reliability. Results CFA supported the existence of the three factor hypothesis of the original DFS scale. The five items measuring “emotional distress” loaded under Factor 1, the four items measuring “spiritual coping” loaded under factor 2 and the last three items measuring “perceived self-efficacy” of the original scale loaded under Factor 3 (p <0.001 for all three subscales). Goodness of fit indices confirmed adequateness of the CFA model (CFI = 0.97, TLI = 0.96, RMSEA = 0.067 and pclose = 0.05). The 12-item DFS-Ar showed good reliability (Cronbach’s alpha of 0.86) and significantly predicted HbA1c (β = 0.20, p < 0.01). After adjusting for the demographic characteristics and the number of diabetes comorbid conditions, the 12-item DFS-Ar score was independently associated with HbA1c in a multivariable model (β = 0.16, p < 0.05). Conclusions The 12-item DFS-Ar demonstrated good psychometric properties that are comparable to the original scale. It is a valid and reliable measure of diabetes fatalism. Further testing with larger and non-Lebanese Arabic population is needed.

Full citation

Sukkarieh-Haraty, O., et al. (2018). "Psychometric properties of the Arabic version of the 12-item diabetes fatalism scale." PLoS One 13(1).


Methods Condition Gender Age Country Setting Sample size
patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes for more than one year, on oral hypoglycemic pills, no psychiatric illness, and ability to read and write Arabic. Both Lebanon
Healthcare Facility 274

Number of items

12 items


Measure does not require training

Required time

Less than 5 min

Access measure


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Articles last updated: March 2020