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Psychometric properties of the Arabic version of adult hope scale

Article type: Published abstract


Introduction The adult hope scale (AHS) was developed as measure of hope with a 12-item using an 8-point Likert-type scale (Snyder et al., 1991). Although there is an Arabic version of AHS, it is not identical to the original version in terms of the number of items response. Objectives To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Arabic version of the AHS in undergraduate sample. Methods The participants were undergraduate Kuwaitis (1000) males and (1000) females. The mean age of the males was (20.25±0.05) years, and for females was (19.96±1.44) with a significant age difference (t= 4.22. P<.000). The Arabic version of the AHS was administered to participants. The internal consistency reliability, factor structure, and convergent validity of the AHS with Life Orientation Test (LOT-R), oxford happiness inventory (OHI), and Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS),while the divergent validity of AHS were assessed with Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) and the beck anxiety inventory (BAI). Results Internal consistency was satisfactory for the AHS (Cronbach's alpha =0.83) for males and (Cronbach's alpha =0.81) for females. The results revealed no significant gender differences on happiness (F= 1.68, P>.05). Principal component analyses (PCA) showed that a three -component solution explains %54.56 of the total variance for males and 51.99% for females. The AHS positively correlates with the following variables: SWLS (r=.43), LOT-R (r=0.40) OHI (r=.49) while the AHS correlates negatively with BDI-II (r=−.49) and with BAI (r=−.39). Conclusions This study provides evidence for the reliability and validity of the Arabic AHS for Kuwaitis.

Full citation

Alali, T., Psychometric properties of the Arabic version of adult hope scale. European Psychiatry, 2017. 41: p. S793.


Methods Condition Gender Age Country Setting Sample size
undergraduate Both 20 Kuwait
Education Institute 2000

Number of items

12 items


Measure does not require training

Required time

Less than 5 min

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Articles last updated: December 2020