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Health-related quality of life in type 2 diabetic patients

Article type: Published article


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is an important health outcome, representing one of the most important goals of all health interventions. The objectives of this study were to determine HRQOL and the factors affecting it in type 2 diabetic patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in five primary health care (PHC) centers in the Al-Khobar area. From a random sample of 225 type 2 diabetic patients, 216 patients were included in the study along with 216 age- , sex- and nationality-matched controls. Nine patients refused to participate. Type 2 diabetic patients and controls were interviewed with the translated Arabic SF-12 questionnaire. RESULTS: The mean ages were 50.0A+/-10.0 years for cases and of 49.3+/-10.3 years for controls (P=.526). Type 2 diabetic patients had lower socioeconomic status and educational level than controls. Obesity was significantly higher in diabetics than controls. HRQOL in type 2 diabetic patients was significantly lower than controls. The mean physical component score was 41.3+/-8.9 for cases vs. 47.5+/-9.5 for controls (P<.001), and the mean mental component score 47.8+/-9.1 in cases vs. 51.5+/-9.4 in controls (P<.001). HRQOL was significantly lower in females than males (P<.001). HRQOL was impaired in uncontrolled patients (fasting plasma glucose [FPG]>130 mg/dL) in comparison with controlled patients (FPG</=130 mg/dL) (P<.05). CONCLUSIONS: HRQOL was lower in type 2 diabetic patients than controls and was affected by many factors. Females had lower HRQOL than males, possibly because of a higher incidence of obesity. Uncontrolled diabetic patients had a lower HRQOL than controlled diabetics. Improving HRQOL in diabetic patients is important.

Full citation

Al-Shehri, A.H., et al., Health-related quality of life in type 2 diabetic patients. Ann Saudi Med, 2008. 28(5): p. 352-60.


Methods Condition Gender Age Country Setting Sample size
type 2 diabetic patients Both 20 - 60 Saudi Arabia
Healthcare Facility 225

Number of items

12 items


Measure does not require training

Required time

Less than 5 min

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Articles last updated: March 2020