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Kinesophobia among Jordanian low back pain patients

Article type: Published article


Introduction.- Kinesiophobia, or fear of movement. TSK was originally developed in English and translated into several languages but there is currently no validated version of the TSK for Arabic-speaking populations. Methods.- Participants were provided with a set of questionnaires to complete, including demographic data, the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), the Arabic version of the TSK (TSK-AV) and the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RDQ) Arabic Version. The collected data were used for further psychometric analysis. Results.- Showed that the 2-factor model provides an adequate to good fit to our data, explaining about 46.64% of the variance. Factor 1 labelled as “activity avoidance” (AA) in our study comprised the items 1, 2, 7, 9, 14, 15 and 17 while factor 2 labelled as “harm” (H) comprised the items 3,6, 11 and 13. The TSKAV- 17, TSK-AV-AA and TSK-AV-H all proved to be independent significant predictors of pain disability in Jordanian patients with chronic low back pain even after accounting for factors such as age, gender, pain duration and pain severity (VAS). Conclusion.- Our study provided the first translation of the TSK into Arabic. Testing in Jordanian patients demonstrated that TSK-AV-17, TSK-AV-AA and TSK-AV-H are significant independent predictors of pain disability along with age and pain intensity.

Full citation

Hawamdeh, Z., M.E. Juweid, and K. Farah, Kinesophobia among Jordanian low back pain patients. Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, 2014. 57: p. e18


Methods Condition Gender Age Country Setting Sample size
low back pain Jordan

Number of items

17 items


Measure does not require training

Required time

Less than 5 min

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Articles last updated: December 2020