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The construction and validation of the Arabic Children's Depression Inventory

Article type: Published article


Seven experiments constructed and validated the Arabic Children's Depression Inventory (ACDI) defining the ACDI's factorial structure, the appropriate response format to its items, its reliability estimates, and the Arabic norms of the ACDI. The correlation between the ACDI and personality was determined, and an English version of the ACDI was set up. 2,558 Arabic children (aged 11–15 yrs) participated in the study. The ACDI's final form containing 27 items have to be responded through 3 alternatives: rarely, sometimes, and often. ACDI has good face validity, internal consistency, and stability over time. Factor analysis yielded 7 factors: unhappiness, sleep problems, loneliness, sadness, pessimism, weak concentration, and weakness. The significant, positive, and high correlations between the ACDI and both the Children's Depression Inventory and the Hopelessness Scale for Children support the concurrent validity of the ACDI. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)

Full citation

Abdel-Khalek, A. M. (1993). The construction and validation of the Arabic Children's Depression Inventory. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 9(1), 41-50.


Methods Condition Gender Age Country Setting Sample size
Arabic children Both 11 - 15 Egypt

Number of items

27 items


Measure does not require training

Required time

6-30 min

Access measure


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Articles last updated: December 2020