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The development and validation of the Arabic Scale Of Mental Health (ASMH)

Article type: Published article


The objective of this research was to develop and validate the Arabic Scale of Mental Health (ASMH) as a generic screening measure and research tool for adults and adolescents. Several samples of both sexes were recruited (N = 3,619). Their ages ranged between 15 and 71 years. The scale has two equivalent versions: Aravic and English. TheASMH comprises 40 brief statements plus 10 filler items. Principal components analysis yielded six components labeled: satisfaction, self-confidence, optimism, enjoyment, meaningful life, and stability. Item-remainder correlations ranged between .31 and .79. Reliabilities in these samples indicated good internal consistency (alphas= .94 to .96) and temporal stability (7- to 10-day test-retest r = .84 to .94). The ASMH significantly and positively correlated with measures of happiness, satisfaction with life, hope, optimism, love of life, and self-actualization, from which one salient component was identified. Therefore, initial convergent and factorial validities were adequate. Male undergraduates obtained a higher mean score than did both their female counterparts and male employed workers, but the effect size was small. It was concluded that the ASMH has good psychometric characteristics in its Arabic version. The English version merits investigation in a cross-cultural study.

Full citation

Abdel-Khalek AM. The development and validation of the Arabic Scale Of Mental Health (ASMH). Psychol Rep. 2011;109(3):949-64.


Methods Condition Gender Age Country Setting Sample size
healthy Both 15 - 71 Kuwait
Commuinty 3619

Number of items

50 items


Measure does not require training

Required time

Less than 5 min

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Articles last updated: December 2020